How to prevent blisters, chafing, black toenails, and other war wounds of running:
How to prevent athletes foot
This fungal infection results in dry, scaly, red skin between the toes that can itch or burn. Because fungus thrives in warm, moist environments, summertime is a ripe time for athlete’s foot. “Running in the heat magnifies the sweat production on the soles,” Dr. Adams says.
Prevent it: Wear light, moisture-wicking, synthetic (not cotton) socks, says Stephen Pribut,a sports podiatrist. After you run, change out of your soggy socks and shoes and slip into dry after-sport shoes before you go for coffee or run errands.
Don’t stash your sweaty pair inside a dark gym bag or your trunk where they can’t air out. You can also sprinkle antifungal powder on your feet before running.
Treat it: Apply an antifungal cream for at least four weeks, even if symptoms appear to be gone in half that time, to make sure the infection is gone, says Dr. Adams. Soothe the itch by soaking your feet for 10 minutes in equal portions lukewarm water and apple-cider vinegar (which has antifungal properties). If the condition persists, see a dermatologist, who may prescribe an oral antifungal.
How to prevent blisters
This is probably the number-one race day injury. These fluid-filled bubbles are caused by friction, excessive moisture (sweaty feet, wet weather), or shoes that are too small, too big, or tied too tight.
Prevent it: Buying properly fitted running shoes may sound like a nobrainer, but consider this: Studies show that fewer than half of people’s running shoes were fit correctly.
Because your feet can expand a halfsize over a day, shop in the late afternoon or evening. If you’ve been on a running hiatus, don’t assume you can jump into your old pair. As you age, your feet flatten and lengthen, so you may need to go up a size. If you get toe blisters, Bruce Williams, a sports podiatrist, suggests “toe socks,” which fit like a glove (rather than like a mitten).
Putting Vaseline, sports lube, and bandages over blister-prone spots may also help.
Treat it: Ignore blisters smaller than five millimeters (the size of a pencil eraser) since they’re usually not painful. But go ahead and pop doozies, especially if they hurt. With a sterile needle, prick the side of the blister and drain it. Don’t remove the blister roof – cover it with an antibiotic ointment and a bandage.
If you feel a hot spot midrun, address possible causes: Are your socks bunching up? Is your heel slipping? Are your laces too tight? If the blister hurts so badly that you’re forced to change your gait, you’re better off walking versus risking injury.
How to prevent chafing
Skin-to-skin and skin-to-clothing rubbing can cause a red, raw rash that can bleed, sting, and make you yelp during your postrun shower. Moisture and salt on the body make it worse. Underarms, inner thighs, along the bra line (women), and nipples (men) are vulnerable spots.
Prevent it: Wear moisture-wicking, seamless, tagless gear. Fit is important – a baggy shirt has excess material that can cause irritation; a too-snug sports bra can dig into skin. Apply Vaseline, sports lube, Band-Aids, or NipGuards before you run. And moisturize after you shower. Drier skin tends to chafe more.
Treat it: Wash the area with soap and water, apply an antibacterial ointment, and cover with a bandage. If you’re wearing sports lube and quality clothing and are still experiencing redness, visit a dermatologist. It’s very common to mistake a fungal infection for chafing.
How to prevent runners toes
During flip-flop season, it’s easy to pick out distance runners. Many marathoners and ultrarunners have discolored toenails, since the more miles you log, the more likely you are to bruise your nails.
Lots of downhill running and too-small shoes can exacerbate the issue–both cause your toes to slam into the front of your shoe. Biomechanics are a factor, too. Some runners pull their toes up while running: if the toes are chronically lifted against the upper toebox of the shoe, it can cause toenail irritation.
Also, an unstable big-toe joint can make the other four toes grip too hard (and bruise) upon landing.
Prevent it: Wear properly fitted shoes and trim nails regularly. Long nails get injured more easily.
Treat it: A bruised nail usually heals on its own within six months. If it’s really painful, see a podiatrist who can drain fluid from under the nail.
Also, if it’s a chronic problem, a sports podiatrist could help you determine if toe-lifting and toegripping are to blame, in which case an orthotic may be a fix.
Not only can the sun’s rays cause redness, pain, swelling, and lasting damage, studies show that athletes who train outdoors (unsurprisingly) may have a higher risk of developing skin cancer.
Prevent It: Avoid the sun between 10 a.m. and 4 p.m., wear a hat, run in the shade, and wear sunscreen. Because sunscreen can’t withstand prolonged exercise, stash some in your pocket or circle back to your car so you can reapply every hour.
You can also wear technical apparel that blocks UV rays. If not, wear darker colours, which block more UV rays than light colours, and wash clothing with detergent that protects against damaging rays for up to 20 washings.
Treat it: Taking an anti-inflammatory and applying aloe vera a few times a day will take the edge off the pain.